Whenever the body suffers any injury, it rushes its metabolic soldiers to protect itself. Acne infection is also an injury that needs repaired as well, so the body sends white blood cells and other molecules to fight the infection and repair the infected site. Scars are the aftermath. Skin never becomes as smooth as it was before the acne; however, certain treatments can help get to as close to its prime as possible, to the point where it’s unnoticeable.
Types Of Acne Scars
Scars occur often when trying to get rid of acne. So before we discuss the different type of scars that effect everyone, let us also note that everyone has different tendency of scar formation. Some people develop less scars than others, while others may have major scars for the same type of acne. There are two types of acne scars: scars that are caused by loss of tissue, and scars caused by increased tissue formation.
Depressed Scars – these scars may be of a few different types, such as Ice-pick scars, depressed fibrotic scars, soft scars and macular types. As the cyst expands with pus, bacteria, oil and dead skin cells it ruptures and attacks the dermis. In order to protect the dermis, the white blood cells rush in. This rupture may cause loss of collagen giving rise to deep recess or depression. A saucer or jagged ice pick scar is formed when the skin above is left unsupported because of loss of tissue below it. Ice pick scars are most common on the face.
Keloids – In some cases the scar forms in a reverse fashion; with the loss of collagen, the body triggers fibroblasts that produce excessive collagen producing scar tissues called keloids. These scars form bubble-like scarring that can be obvious and embarrassing. Keloids are more commonly found on male torsos.
Acne scars leave their mark not only on the skin but also on the mind of the sufferer, with embarrassment and social problems. With rapid new developments in dermatology, treating acne scars is becoming easier each year. Please consult your dermatologist about the best treatment for your acne scars. The choice will depend upon a few factors:
- Your medical history
- The type of scar
- The kinds of treatments available for that type of scarring.
Some treatments are cheaper than others but may not give perfect results; overall, however, it is important to note that nothing will completely heal the majority of scars, whether they are face acne scar or back acne scar treatment. The choice therefore also depends upon your budget and the kind of results you desire. Let us look at the kinds of treatments available to help remove acne scars.
Types Of Different Acne Scar Treatments (How To Get Rid of Acne Scars)
Dermabrasion – This is considered one of the most effective treatments for removing acne scars. In this procedure the doctor uses a local anesthetic or freezes the skin and then uses a high-speed rotary abrader to remove unwanted surface skin. A brighter appearance is a sign of healing skin. This procedure may remove superficial scars altogether and reduces deeper scars.
Chemical Peeling – Depending on the scar, your doctor will apply a mild chemical peel on the affected skin. This slowly peels away the old skin and brings in fresh skin. Mild scars can be treated with chemical peels, but a majority of heavier scars may need stronger treatment.
Laser Therapy – Lasers of different types are used by the doctor to give a new shape to the scarred skin by re-contouring the scars. The high burst of laser may leave the skin red for sometime and is very effective, but can be costly.
Soft Tissue Filling – Collagen from the patient or that may be bovine in source may be injected below the scar to give a smooth appearance and lift the skin. As the injected collagen gets absorbed in the body over a period, further treatments may be needed after about six months. Fat may also be injected below deep scars for giving a lift to the skin. Similar to collagen filling, fat injections may need to be repeated after some months. Your doctor will advise you about that. This is an expensive treatment, so keep that in mind.
Skin surgery – Skin may have to be surgically corrected with grafting or other procedures to remove acne scars. This is another effective, yet expensive treatment.
Microdermabrasion – In this procedure, very tiny aluminum oxide crystals are passed through a vacuum tube to scrape the surface of the skin. This procedure may have to be repeated many times, and gives a fresh look to the skin by scraping .Very mild pimple scar removal comes with microdermabrasion; however, deeper scars may need stronger treatment.
Creams and Gels – There are many topical treatments that claim to reduce the appearance of scars. Some contain Vitamin E and other nutrients. Mederma is a popular brand name. Many people report that it can improve scars in as little as 8 weeks for new scars, or 6 months for older scars. Results with topical ointments like this will vary from person to person and product to product, but there have been many good reviews of treatments that remove acne scars naturally.
For people who have the tendency to form keloids, no surgical method can be used as it can result in further keloids due to the patients higher tendency (e.g. If one can develop keloid with acne injury, more keloids will be formed by further surgery). Steroid injections may be used to treat keloids, as well as topical retinoic acid in some cases. This is applied directly on the keloids.
Acne scarring can have serious effects on a person’s self-image and emotional state. Fortunately, acne scar treatments at home have evolved as modern science has progressed.
Take your time with acne: this affects everyone.
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